What is the Islamic ruling on writing fiction?

Islam Asked on January 2, 2022

I was wondering about the Islamic ruling for writing fiction? If the author is talented and has a flair for writing fiction/stories, does Islam consider that as haraam? I would like to have the answer with regards to the following genres:

  1. Suspense thrillers, slashers, detective stories, etc.
  2. Stories that are based on reality like historical incidents.
  3. Stories that are not based on historical incidents, but still teach some (Islamic) moral lesson.

Of course, this question only makes sense (Islamically) to be asked and answered if the stories do not contain indecencies or anything that clearly goes against Islam, like paranormal stuff and so on.

6 Answers

It is not haram! I am a Muslim fiction author. You can find my fiction books on under the pen name Gabriel Bacopa. Everything in Islam is halal unless stated otherwise. There were many great stories written by Muslims in the Islamic golden age. 1001 nights as an example. Aladdin, sindbad etc. were all written by Muslims.

Answered by Israfil Sulayman on January 2, 2022

Generally, so long as fiction upholds the moral and spiritual values of Islam, then it's fine.

For example, you might then describe an evil monster - for example, like Darth Vader in Star Wars only to show how he went wrong - being tempted by the dark side - and then how he attempts to redeem himself.

You might also use a metaphor for Allah or one of the prophets as CS Lewis did with Aslan and Christ, or even earlier; the unknown poet who composed Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, and which used the Green Knight as a metaphor for the Divine Mercy/Devotion and a retelling of the story Abraham and his son, Isaac.

Given the esteem that the Prophets are held in Islam I'd suggest against using controversial material like the so-called Satanic Verses (attested by the Islamic historian, al-Tabari) as done by Rushdie. Controversial material, in my opinion, is generally dealt better by prose.

I'd also steer away from stories that deliberately distance themselves away from any moral narrative. For example, like Camus's Outsider where it seems that the sole point of the story is that there is no moral order. It's worth remembering that Camus was an athiest, and he was merely portraying his philosophical world in fiction - one reason why he's applauded by the secular and athiest West - to them, he represents a break with tradition and their past.

I'd also keep in mind your audience - what you can write for children, teenagers and adults will differ given their different capacities to judge and appreciate what they are reading.

Answered by Mozibur Ullah on January 2, 2022

disclaimer : personal opinion

you can write whatever you want as long as:

1-you don't give the reader some new evil methods in whatever endeavor least he/she may employ it.

2-you don't raise or stimulate some prohibited ideas ,for example: promoting for lust, because this is dishonesty from the writer because the reader may -probably usually- doesn't have the knowledge to counter-think, critic and address these ideas.

Answered by ibrahimIssawi on January 2, 2022

Sorry, I couldn't provide an english reference, so you may find some repeated words in the article (because of translation), but I'll try to summarise the most important points here:

Some say it's haram, because in a fictional story you're telling a lie. But some say that it's not haram, as it's like telling the reader to "imagine if..", and you're not saying that the story is true.

Answered by Anas Khaled on January 2, 2022

Fiction is fundamentally a lie irrespective of genre and there is a very clear Hadith which prohibits a Muslim to tell a lie even while joking. Joking mostly involves false scenarios and this is what was prohibited. Writing a fiction story , essay or Idea is quantifiably more worse then a joke containing a lie.

Narrated Mu'awiyah ibn Jaydah al-Qushayri: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said:

“Woe to him who tells things, speaking falsely, to make people laugh thereby. Woe to him! Woe to him!” (Abu Dawuud, Kitab al Adab, 4972)

A house in Jannah is guaranteed for he who avoids lying even as a joke

Narrated Abu Umamah: The Prophet (pbuh) said:

“I guarantee a house in the surroundings of Paradise for a man who avoids quarrelling even if he were in the right, a house in the middle of Paradise for a man who avoids lying even if he were joking and a house in the upper part of Paradise for a man who made his character good.” (Abu Dawud, Kitab al Adab, 4782)

Answered by Islam on January 2, 2022

I don't think there is a problem in writing fiction stories. But there are some points the writer must keep in mind:

  • The writing must not disobey ALLAH's rules in any part of writing
  • Must not face Islamic rules
  • Must not insert some writes that may affect the reader's thinking toward ALLAH or religion.
  • Must be with a moral goal to teach
  • Must not include immoral manners

In general, Islam supports everyone who tries to teach others, maybe by writings or stories or films or whatever...

Answered by Maythux on January 2, 2022

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